Audi e-tron electric vehicle

Electric Vehicle Tyres

The  popularity of electric vehicles is on the increase as drivers become more aware of the benefits of switching to EV. Lower running costs & less environmental impact have traditionally been the key deciding factors when it comes to investing in an EV. The unique characteristics of electric powered vehicles has made it necessary for tyre manufacturers to design electric vehicle tyres. 

Do electric vehicles need special tyres?

Yes. EV’s have very unique requirements when it comes to tyres and it’s worth doing your research before investing. Electric vehicle tyres are designed to cope with extra weight, rapid acceleration and feature acoustic technology ensuring they’re as quiet as possible.

As the range of EV’s has increased with newer models capable of delivering over 250 miles of use in a single charge, they require a tyre with a lower rolling resistance to ensure the miles the electric vehicle can travel aren’t reduced by resistance between the tyre & the road surface.

EV TYRES

So if you’re looking to buy specialist electric vehicle tyres for your EV you’ll have to consider much more than simply selecting the correct tyre size. Thankfully, more & more tyre manufacturers have developed the EV tyre technology necessary for drivers who’ve made the switch to electric motoring.

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Extra vehicle weight

EV’s are heavier than traditional vehicles thanks to the electric battery. You’ll need a tyre that is substantially reinforced to ensure it can carry this weight effectively.

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Maximise range

New electric vehicle’s can now be driven for longer on a single charge. They need a tyre with a low rolling resistance to ensure the electric vehicle range is maximised.

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Low noise ratings

EV’s have no engine noise & are very quiet to drive. In fact the main noise you’ll hear will come from the tyres on the road surface which is why you’ll need a very quiet tyre.

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Increased torque

Electric vehicles accelerate more rapidly & because they’re heavier take longer to stop. Therefore, they require a tyre that delivers precision handling & grip.

Extra weight + increased torque = more strain on tyres

"HL" rated tyres for electric vehicles

It’s a well known fact that EV’s are much heavier than traditional combustion engine vehicles thanks to the extra weight of the EV battery. When designing suitable tyres for the EV tyre manufacturers have had to take this extra weight into account. They have developed specialist EV tyres with reinforced sidewalls to support this extra weight and have designated an “HL” mark which stands for heavy load – HL is typically at least three load indexes higher than a standard Extra Load (XL) for any tyre. 

Obviously the heavier a vehicle is, the longer it will take to stop and so EV tyres are developed to deliver increased traction which helps to shorten stopping distances making the vehicle safer, especially in an emergency situation.

HL rated electric vehicle tyre
Michelin electric vehicle tyre with acoustic technology

Noise cancelling tyres

Part of the pleasure in driving an EV is the almost silent cabin. As there is no engine noise, EV’s are designed specifically to perform as quietly as possible with adaptations to even small components such as wing mirrors.

However, if you fit tyres which aren’t designed to be exceptionally quiet their noise on the road will be all you can hear! Tyre manufacturers have developed specialist EV tyres which contain acoustic technology, which normally means they have layer of foam inside the tyre that helps absorb sound. A fairly simple solution but one you’ll want to benefit from if you’re the owner of an EV.

Maximise EV range

Although the range of EV’s has increased dramatically, with the latest models providing over 250 miles of use in a single charge, it’s still a comparatively lengthy process to recharge an EV. In traditional petrol & diesel vehicles it takes just a matter of minutes to refuel however an EV can take over 4 hours to recharge.

Ensuring you fit tyres that have a lower rolling resistance with conserve this charge meaning you’ll get more mileage from your EV. Low rolling resistance tyres can help to extend an EVs range by up to 12%, This isn’t much for a car with a range of 80 miles (130km), but for newer cars with ranges in excess of 250 miles (400km), a tyre with an EU tyre label value of ‘A’ could benefit from an additional 30 miles (50km) per charge compare to a ‘C’ rated tyre.

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Porsche taycan pirelli tyres

The best tyres for electric cars

EV’s can have exceptionally powerful acceleration capabilities and require a tyre that will react predictably allowing for steering precision & safer, shorter stopping distances – vital when you consider the extra weight of these powerful vehicles.

An EV’s maximum power is always available and the electric motor is capable of producing maximum torque from standing. They are capable of accelerating surprising quickly, with no need for gear changes they’re exceptionally smooth and fast to drive.

That power coupled with the extra weight from the EV battery puts the tyres under a tremendous amount of strain. To ensure EV tyres can withstand this strain & last as long as traditional vehicle tyres, designers had adapted both the rubber compound & tread pattern.

Extending the life of EV tyres

As we’ve already explained, EV’s are powerful, heavy vehicles and even when fitted with specialist EV tyres they require frequent maintenance to prevent premature tyre wear.

Any issue with wheel balancing, alignment or incorrect pressure will have an impact on tyre wear much more quickly than with tyres fitted to a petrol or diesel fuelled vehicle.

EV tyre pressure

We’d recommend EV owners get into the habit of checking tyre pressures every 2 weeks to ensure no strain is put on the tyre structure by under or over inflation.

Electric vehicle wheel alignment

Regular wheel alignment checks are essential if you own an EV. Any misalignment could cause rapid wear on the edges of the tyre. Thankfully alignment checks can be carried out free of charge in any of our branches.

Hunter wheel alignment
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