On 1st November 2012, the EU regulation on the labelling of tyres became a legal requirement for manufacturers and retailers of tyres. The EU tyre label was designed to help consumers choose the right tyre for their needs, not just their budget.

In a similar way to the energy rating labels found on electrical appliances such as fridge freezers, the EU tyre label grades tyres on 3 different factors, on a scale of A-G (A indicating the highest performance through to G indicating the lowest performance).

The 3 factors the label provides a grade on are:

Wet grip – How quickly the tyre stops on a wet road surface

Fuel efficiency – Measures the rolling resistance to indicate which tyre will give the best fuel economy

External rolling noise – This measures the external noise made by a tyre in motion.

Wet Grip

This measures how quickly a tyre can stop your vehicle on a
wet road surface. A tyre with an excellent wet grip rating such as an A, will have a shorter stopping distance whereas a low wet grip rating such as a G, will take longer to stop on a wet road surface. The difference between the wet braking distance of an A graded tyre and a G graded tyre is over 10 meters, which equates to 2 car lengths.

Fuel Efficiency

This measure the rolling resistance of a tyre, which is the
energy lost when a tyre is in motion or ‘rolling’. The best performing tyre is graded as an A down to the poorest performing tyre which would be graded as G. The difference in fuel consumption is around 0.5 litres per 100km.

External noise

This measures in decibels (dB) the tyres external noise when in motion. The more black waves shown on the label the higher the noise rating, so a single black wave indicates the quietest tyre with the highest grade. The noise is measured from outside the vehicle when a tyre is in motion with the engine turned off.


Whilst we don’t believe that the tyre label gives consumers the full picture when it comes to choosing the right tyre, it can help you decide which tyre is going to be best suited to your car. If you’d like some advice on which tyre would suit your driving and budget the best, please give us a call or visit your local branch and speak to a customer advisor.